Glossary and abbreviations

  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D
  5. E
  6. F
  7. G
  8. H
  9. I
  10. J
  11. K
  12. L
  13. M
  14. N
  15. O
  16. P
  17. Q
  18. R
  19. S
  20. T
  21. U
  22. V
  23. W
  24. X
  25. Y
  26. Z

Acronym for the French Agency for Environment and Energy Management (Agence De l’Environnement et de la Maîtrise de l’Energie).


Acronym for the French standards authority (Association Française de Normalisation).

Agenda 21

Action program for the 21st century, adopted at the 1992 Rio Earth Summit by 182 States. It aims to bring together the various components of balanced development within a triple objective: economic development, social equity and resource conservation. It can be applied at the global or local level, to a private company or a local authority, generally under the impetus of a local elected official, drawn up and implemented after consultation with the parties concerned: citizens, associations, economic stakeholders, etc.

Alternative energy

Energy of natural or industrial origin or heat energy that is lost if not immediately recovered: biogas, flare gas, etc.


Acronym for French Securities Market Regulator (Autorité des Marchés Financiers)
Established by the Financial Security Act (Loi de Sécurité Financière) of July 17, 2003, the AMF was created out of the merger between the COB (Commission des Opérations de Bourse: former external regulatory body) and the CMF (Conseil des Marchés Financiers – former financial market council). Its roles include those inherited from these two institutions, namely, establish financial market rules and monitor and oversee the protection of shareholders. The Act also gave AMF the new role of regulating financial investment advisors and overseeing rating agencies and financial analysts.

Anaerobic digestion

A natural treatment method for organic waste that results in the combined production of gas recoverable as energy (biogas) from the biological decomposition of organic matter in an environment with limited air supply (called “anaerobic fermentation


International association of private water operators.

Areas of ecological interest

Sectors characterized by the presence of species or remarkable environments forming part of the national, regional or worldwide natural heritage.

Assimilated household waste

Waste generated by trade, craftsmen, offices and manufacturing collected at the same time and under the same conditions as municipal waste.