|Access to water will be more difficult for 63% of the world's population|
1 – Many regions around the globe live beyond their means in terms of their water resources: the southwestern United States, the coastal strip of countries in northern Africa, southeastern Australia, almost all of the Arabian Peninsula, southeast India, northeastern China... All of these regions already withdraw over 75% of water flowing in rivers.
2 – Mumbai, India, is currently home to 19 million people, and is expected to have a population of 26 million by 2030. The world’s second-largest city faces a real risk of water shortage: fewer than 20% of people in Mumbai have access to clean drinking water.
3 – Tokyo, Japan, faces water stress as a result of its vulnerability to natural disasters affecting the water supply, such as flooding and drought, compounded by deteriorating water quality. According to Global Water Intelligence, 30% of the Japanese population is still not connected to a wastewater system. (Source: OECD)
4 – Beijing, China, has an annual water supply of just 100 cubic meters per person, which is only a tenth of the minimum recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). Although the country is home to 20% of the world's population, it has just 6% of global water resources.
5 - In Mexico City, water pumped to meet demand exceeds natural groundwater recharge by more than 50%. (Source: The Cities of Tomorrow)
6 – Las Vegas, in the United States, sits in the middle of an arid desert. The global gambling capital has a huge appetite for resources and now faces serious water stress, a problem shared by the majority of cities in California.
It is a common misconception that water stress only affects the planet's drier regions. It also affects areas of Western Europe, for instance, despite their temperate climate.
One example is the Thames Valley, which cradles the UK capital. The combination of limited water resources and high demand is a major challenge for London's water supply. Its water pipes date back to Victorian times and are sorely in need of repair to continue supplying the city's nine million people with water on a daily basis.
The project is the largest capex management contract in Europe's water sector.