Methanization, a major focus of the agreement
Anaerobic digestion offers a twofold approach to recycling agricultural waste as it produces both compost and energy (in the form of biogas, electricity or heat). Unlike solar or wind power it produces power continuously, and generates revenue. In the same plant it can also recycle other organic waste from agro-food industries, plant residues and by-products from wastewater treatment plants run by local communities. For example in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region, the Artois industrial methanization plant managed by Veolia annually processes 25,000 tons of waste that generates electricity for the equivalent of 6,500 inhabitants, and recycles 7000 t of sludge that is used to fertilize agricultural land in the region.
Under the energy transition legislation, methanization is one of the ways of increasing the proportion of renewable energy, and of reducing by half the amount of landfill waste by 2025.
(1) Fédération nationale des syndicats d'exploitants agricoles – French national federation of farmers’ unions
"With methanization, we are moving away from a linear production and consumption model and towards a circular economy, in which one person’s waste systemically becomes someone else’s resource. Recycling organic waste that has high environmental added value represents a solution that is fully integrated into the local economy," said Antoine Frérot.