This phenomenon has given rise to a transformation in the landscapes of these previously neglected areas. The housing network is now denser, buildings are higher, old brownfield sites have been rehabilitated.
These new neighbourhoods host increasingly diverse activities. There is plenty of office space there. Service activities rub shoulders with industrial sites. Vertical farming colonizes all the available spaces, producing fruit and vegetables in all seasons thanks to hydroponics.
In the surrounding area, an ecosystem has been established between housing, offices and factories, all producers and consumers of energy.
In the same day you can work in your zero carbon office, eat alongside one of the greenhouses in a restaurant that cooks the day’s fresh vegetables, and take swimming lessons in water heated using the heat from wastewater - all within a radius of less than one kilometre.
Symbolic object in these new neighbourhoods