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Recycling electric car batteries, an ecological issue

Solution

The electric car market is booming: in 2018, the global fleet exceeded 5.1 million vehicles and is expected to reach 130 million by 2030 according to the Global EV Outlook 2019. This trend stems from the desire to reduce diesel and petrol cars in favour of more environmentally friendly electric cars. However, the composition of electric cars remains problematic, mainly because of the batteries which contain pollutants. Recycling them is therefore a major challenge. Through SARP Industries and its subsidiary Euro Dieuze Industrie (EDI) which specializes in the treatment of batteries and accumulators, Veolia offers reliable and appropriate expertise


An electric car battery weighs an average of 300 kg but may be twice as much on some models. It is composed of plastics, solvents and electronics, but mainly of metals in the active part of the cell. Some of these metals are now becoming scarce: copper, cobalt, nickel, manganese, aluminium, lithium, etc. All may present a danger to the environment and human health.

Since 2006, European Directive 2006/66/EC has required 50% of the total weight of batteries to be recycled. Euro Dieuze Industrie, which handles more than 6,000 tonnes of batteries and accumulators per year, recycles up to 80% of them. The carbon extracted is recycled to make tyres, lubricants and additives, but can also be used by the metal industry to deoxidize metals. The recovered metals are resold in powder form for use in the production of alloys and chemical salts.


Who are our customers?  

Car manufacturers


Veolia solution

Euro Dieuze Industrie offers a 5-step solution for recycling electric car batteries and recovering copper, plastic and electronics, but most importantly rare metals: 

  1. Diagnosis, making safe and discharging  the battery 
  2. Dismantling  each element to be sent to the appropriate sector for recycling 
  3. Cutting  to extract the active cells
  4. Shredding to make the metals accessible 
  5. Hydrometallurgy  to extract metals by chemical means and then recover them

Veolia develops solutions for treating electric vehicle batteries that protect the environment and recover rare metals as secondary raw materials.

 

Benefits for our customers 

Cost optimization

Limit the extraction of natural resources by using secondary raw materials

A single point of contact with real technical expertise


They chose this solution

France

Renault Group

A partnership covering the treatment and recovery of used electric vehicle batteries

Veolia and Renault have signed a partnership to give electric car batteries a second life by guaranteeing the recovery of precious metals for use in new industrial sectors.

 

France

JUMP by Uber

Veolia extends its expertise in recycling electric batteries to bikes and scooters

In partnership  with JUMP by Uber, an electric bikes and scooters rental company, Veolia collects, sorts and recycles end-of-life parts and their various materials: plastics and rubbers, metals, electronic components and battery components. Aluminium can be used in the manufacture of new bike frames, the gold contained in electronic cards can be recovered in jewelry, cobalt and nickel can be reused in metallurgical applications, etc.